Schmidt's latest work on discursive institutionalism, developed in conjunction with Martin Carstensen Carstensen and Schmidt 2016, 2017 , helps lend insight into the power of ideas and discourse. Vivian Schmitt it ; Vivian Schmitt fr ; Vivian Schmitt ast ; Vivian Schmitt ca ; Вивиан Шмитт ru ; Vivian Schmitt de ; Vivian Schmitt pt ; Vivian Schmitt sq ; ویوین اشمیت fa ; Вивиан Шмит bg ; Вивијан Шмит sr ; Vivian Schmitt ksh ; ویوین شمیت ur ; Вівіан Шмітт uk ; Vivian Schmitt oc ; فيفيان شميت arz ; Vivian Schmitt pl ; Vivian Schmitt nb ; Vivian Schmitt nl ; Vivian Schmitt sv ; Vivian Schmitt nn ; Vivian Schmitt da ; Vivian Schmitt fi ; Vivian Schmitt en ; فيفيان شميت ar ; Vivian Schmitt es ; Vivian Schmitt sl actriz porno alemana es ; niemiecka aktorka filmów porno, polskiego pochodzenia pl ; Duitse pornoactrice en model nl ; немецкая порноактриса ru ; deutsche Pornodarstellerin de ; atriz pornográfica alemâ pt ; German pornographic actress en ; بازیگر پورنوگرافی آلمانی fa ; attrice pornografica tedesca it Вивиан шмитт, Шмитт Вивиан, Vivian Schmitt, Шмитт, Вивиан ru ; Anna B. She is past head of the European Union Studies Association and sits on numerous editorial and advisory boards, including the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin, the Brussels Foundation for European Progressive Studies, the Vienna Institute for Peace, and the Sheffield Political Economy Research Institute. By using this site, you agree to the and the.
Scharpf, Oxford 2000 on the impact of international economic pressures on national social policy in twelve advanced industrialized countries. This is about the quality of the policymaking processes, including their efficacy, accountability, inclusiveness, and openness to interest consultation with the people. She is a 2018 recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship and has been named a Chevalier in the French Legion of Honor. .
Power over ideas is the capacity of actors to control and dominate the meaning of ideas through discourse. This insight served her well when the methodological wars began in political science in the 1990s, and comparative political scientists were enjoined no longer to do what they had long done, which was to intertwine interests, institutions, culture, and ideas and discourse into problem-oriented research on politics and policy. Thatcher—Cambridge 2013 , which offers five lines of analysis to explain the resilience of neo-liberal ideas: their ideational adaptability, their rhetoric without the reality of implementation, their dominance in debates, their strategic use by interests, and their embedding in institutions. Discursive institutionalism gives a name to the very rich and diverse set of ways of explaining political and social reality that are focused on the substantive content of ideas and the interactive processes of discourse in institutional context see e. In the interim, she also co-directed an international research project at the that resulted in a two-volume study, Welfare and Work in the Open Economy co-edited with F. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
She headed the European Union Studies Association in the United States. It argues that while the terms of the policy debates pitting national unity against local liberty were set by the French Revolution, the legislative history was one in which political interest consistently trumped political principle except at two critical moments: in the 1870-80s, consecrating local democratic power through the election of the mayor; and in the 1980s, eliminating the prefect's a priori control plus establishing the election of the presidents of regions and departments. She taught at the , has been a visiting professor at , the in Paris, the , the in Vienna, in Florence, in Cologne, the and , and is visiting scholar at , and at , where she is an affiliate of the Center for European Studies. She was the founding Director of the Center for the Study of Europe at the at. She also attended in Paris.
At , she is the Jean Monnet Chair of European Integration Professor of International Relations in the , and Professor of Political Science. Instead of either ignoring ideas or subsuming them under the classic understandings of power as coercive, structural, institutional, and productive, discursive institutionalism separates out ideational and discursive power in order to highlight its distinctive attributes. Schmidt's work on European political economic and social policies began with her second book From State to Market? Schmidt born 1949 is an American academic of and. It argued that rather than looking at what philosophers of science say about science, which often idealizes the lawlike approach of , we should look at what they do, which is to use the four primary methodological approaches in the social sciences to explain science —lawlike, sociological, historical, and interpretive. Schmidt sought to fill this gap with what she has called discursive institutionalism, which she developed in stand-alone articles, most notably in two highly cited articles in the and the , as well as in her work on and. Discursive institutionalism is therefore open to a wide range of approaches focused on ideas and discourse.
Cambridge 1996 and related publications. She is known for her work on political economy, policy analysis, democratic theory, and new institutionalism. Schmidt is also an accomplished fine art photographer who has exhibited widely. Instead, they split into different neo-institutionalist camps, focused on rational institutionalist incentive structures, historical institutionalist path dependency, or sociological institutionalist cultural framing. Discourse encompasses not just the representation or embodiment of ideas — as in discourse analysis following, say, Foucault, Bourdieu, or Laclau and Mouffe but also the interactive processes.
In this, she wrote a long chapter providing a comparative assessment of the role of values and discourse in the politics of adjustment that also helped crystallize her neo-institutionalist framework focused on ideas and discourse in institutional context. As such, it calls attention to the significance of approaches that theorize about ideas and discourse in their many different forms, types, and levels as well as in the interactive processes of policy coordination and political communication by which ideas and discourse are generated, articulated, and contested by sentient thinking, speaking, and acting agents. Here, she showed that despite major transformations in the years, the French state remained central not only through the dirigiste way in which it ended dirigisme but also in the fact that the retreat of the state from leadership of business actually meant the colonization of business by the men of the state. These involve not only the discursive processes of coordination by and through which ideas are generated in the policy sphere by discursive policy communities and entrepreneurs but also the processes of communication, deliberation e.
Schmidt's scholarly research encompasses political theory, comparative politics, and international relations. Schmidt's work on European policies, policymaking processes, and democracy dates back to her first book, Democratizing France Cambridge 1990 , and related publications on state policies and debates about the decentralization of French local government over time. Vivien Ann Schmidt Residence United States of America Nationality Occupation Professor of International Relations and Political Science Organization Website Vivien A. Left out was any overarching institutionalist theory for the ideational constructs of meaning, let alone the discursive dynamics of communication.
All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the ; all unstructured text is available under the ; additional terms may apply. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Finally, power in ideas is found where certain discourses serve to structure thought as in analyses following Foucault, Bourdieu, or Gramsci or where particular ideas are institutionalized at the expense of others by being embedded in the rules or frames as in historical or sociological institutionalist approaches to ideas. Her comparative work focuses on the changing nature of European politics and economics in a globalizing world, her theoretical work on the role of ideas and discourse in the dynamics of change. . .